There is no doubt that the kidney is one of the most important members in the human body, a secret of the creation of a wonderful human, which is the focus of the eyes of many scientists from around the world. There is no doubt that this member is very important because it performs many functions that are not limited to the process of formation and output of urine, but beyond. What is the macro anatomically and physiologically? What are their functions? How can you know the assessment of kidney condition? What are the means to clean the kidneys and maintain their health?
Kidney anatomy and physiology
The human has two kidneys, each located in the dorsal wall in front of the back muscles and is not covered by the “peritoneal” membrane that covers most of the internal organs of the human, and in this position, they are very sensitive members, but they perform very high functions. One kidney resembles a bean, weighing between 140 and 160 grams, the organ responsible for the formation of urine and the extraction of toxins and unnecessary substances from blood plasma during the filtration process. The nephron is the structural and functional unit of the kidney, which is the part that processes the formation of urine and the extraction of toxins from plasma blood. In this “nephron” re-absorption of many important substances needed by the body, such as amino acids, glucose and other necessary materials. The function of the kidneys is not limited to the formation and removal of urine, but it is very much beyond it.
It is a kidney function to name a few: vitamin D industry is very important in the process of building bones and teeth. The vitamin is absorbed by the incomplete state of the bowel, but is fully prepared and adjusted in the kidneys to be able to function. The secretion of renin, the substance responsible for the secretion of other substances, eventually increases the involuntary contraction of the muscles around the blood vessels to maintain a constant level of blood pressure of the human body. The kidneys keep the level of electrolytes steady and away from imbalances that can lead to serious disorders, such as high or low level of potassium, sodium, phosphate, calcium, and others.
The kidneys produce an important hormone called erythropoietin, the hormone responsible for the manufacture of red blood cells, so people with kidney failure have chronic anemia. They need to compensate for the building of new red blood cells.
How To Know Kidney Health
Kidney health can be evaluated in various ways, ranging from direct observation, through clinical examination and examination, to the necessary medical and laboratory examinations.
The most important ways in which the health of the kidney can be assessed are: Direct observation of the urine, color, quantity, smell, pain associated with urination and other things. Lower back pain may indicate renal problems such as kidney stones, , Increase the rate of urinary reflux into the kidney basin, and other renal problems.
Clinical examination of the kidney, and this examination must be performed by the specialist, where he examines the abdomen in general, and then focuses on the kidney size and shape external, and the extent of the association with back pain or abdomen, if any. Laboratory tests, most notably renal function known as creatinine and urea.
This is a waste disposed of the body through the kidneys, any increase in the level of these articles, means that kidney function is deteriorating, and must be careful and attention. Make an ultrasound image of kidneys to determine the size of normal kidneys, see if they are normal size or otherwise, and see if there are any problems related to urologic urology near the kidneys.
Kidney cleaning and maintenance methods
It is very important to maintain this important member, because the health reflected on the health of the body as a whole, and this requires the commitment to some of the guidelines that help to protect the kidneys, and cleaning, and maintain safety, including: not to eat foods containing preservatives Carefully, Filed in cans such as beans, beans, chickpeas and others.
Getting used to eating a large amount of fluids, preferably water at least 33 liters per day, because it helps to clean the urinary tract of the causes of inflammation, kidney stones and others.